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In collaboration with Romain Laval

Sand is found along the 3,500 kilometres of Moroccan coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, making up the seabed,

the beach and the dunes. The coastline as natural capital is a key asset to the country’s economy, where tourism besides other economic sectors relies on natural ecosystems.

In 2001, King Mohammed VI set forth a plan called Vision 2010 which involved a massive reorganisation of the government’s priorities, building six new seaside resorts and mobilising of the skills of people to prepare for the welcoming of more than twice the number of tourists by 2010, estimated to reach 9.28 million. After partially accomplishing its goals, a new plan called Vision 2020 was drawn up, which aimed to attract 20 million visitors and to expand hotel bed capacity to 375,000, all by the end of the decade. Ironically, this economic strategy identified sand as

a tourist attraction while relying heavily on the sand as a resource as the main component for construction.

Sand has been the subject of appropriation by the various sectors in Morocco such as environmental protection, equipment and transport, urban planning, tourism. Up until the end of 2014, the absence of a legislative framework protecting the Moroccan coastline as well as traditional measures for evaluating economic performance, such as produced and human capital, have often neglected the natural capital.

Since 2015, the Moroccan coastline is a physically definable zone by law: a space that extends over 100 meters on land beyond the highest 

sea, and 12 miles at sea; a zone that is now subject to legal texts, giving it certain protection. Despite this legislative framework, no managing entity for the coastline is defined. Instead, the Moroccan coastline is defined according to the needs of various sectors whose common denominator is sand.

Guidance by Martina Muzi

Research project for GEO-DESIGN SAND, from March 2020 to October 2020,

Exhibition in Van Abbe Museum, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

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